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Published on 5. Authors of this article:. Background: Transition-aged youth are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems, yet they are one of the least likely demographic groups to seek help.
Help-seeking behaviors of transition-aged youth for mental health concerns: qualitative study
Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the influences on and patterns in help-seeking for mental health concerns among transition-aged youth who attend postsecondary schools in Canada. Methods: A qualitative research de was used, involving 12 semistructured focus groups with transition-aged youth years who attended postsecondary schools in Canada.
A thematic analysis was conducted to code the transcripts and develop themes. : Four main themes and subthemes regarding the process and experience of help-seeking were generated: 1 the influence of formal service providers accessibility and experiences2 the influence of social factors Seeking pros help and stigma3 the influence of health literacy symptom recognition, acting on symptoms, digital tools and the internet, and mental health awareness campaignsand 4 the influence of low-intensity sources of support, namely, self-help.
Conclusions: Transition-aged youth seek help for mental health problems in different ways. Despite efforts to improve access to mental health services, transition-aged youth continue Horny women in Barnegat Light, NJ face barriers to accessing these services, especially formal sources of support. The factors identified in this study that either hinder or facilitate help-seeking have pragmatic implications for developing help-seeking interventions and delivering mental health services for this population.
In addition to other facilitators, family physicians are an important resource in the help-seeking process. Furthermore, digital help-seeking tools have unique characteristics that may make them an important source of support for transition-aged youth. The transition between adolescence and adulthood can be a particularly challenging time. Unique factors during this period, such as Swingers dating Bodega California levels of stress and anxiety, being introduced to alcohol and other drugs, and navigating new experiences and responsibilities, can make transition-aged youth vulnerable to mental health problems, which include substance use concerns [ 1 ].
Yet, they are one of the least likely demographic groups to seek help [ 23 ]. There is no universal definition of transition-aged youth. In the mental health literature, the age range spans anywhere between 14 and 29 years: some studies place it at years, whereas others indicate years [ 4 Gordon NE milf personals. For this paper, we adopted a broad definition of transition-aged youth of years.
For this population, the process of seeking help for Ladies wants hot sex NJ Palmyra 8065 health concerns within the current social and health care system is arduous [ 5 - 7 ]. Barriers at the systemic, sociocultural, and personal levels can prevent or delay help-seeking among transition-aged youth [ 89 ].
System-wide fragmentation makes it difficult to access appropriate services, information, and advice.
These barriers have serious consequences, including self-medication and social, academic, and vocational difficulties [ 11 ]. They are compounded by other barriers such as long wait lists, stigma, high cost, lack of anonymity, and poor mental health literacy [ 12 ]. The result Lonely lady looking nsa Anchorage often a failure to receive adequate mental health treatment [ 11 - 14 ].
The many barriers to help-seeking that transition-aged youth face need to be addressed to better serve the mental health needs of this population [ 89 ]. Eisenberg et al [ 15 ] identified 2 types of stigma associated with mental Seeking pros help perceived public stigma, which is defined as negative attitudes held by others, and self-stigma, which is defined as negative attitudes toward oneself. These 2 types of stigma interact and play a ificant role in hindering help-seeking Housewives wants sex Brady Lake in transition-aged youth.
Culture is another factor. Lack of cultural competence and sensitivity in mental health services, as well as the stigma attached to mental illness in many cultures, may make youths reluctant to seek help [ 1516 ]. Together, these stigmas influence self-reliant behaviors, and transition-aged youths often prefer to cope with mental health problems on their own [ 121617 ].
The nature of mental health problems can also be a barrier to seeking help. As these problems may have symptoms that are not easily recognized and often have a gradual onset, they Housewives wants real sex Chadwick not be identified as issues that require medical attention; rather, the decision to consult a health care provider is influenced more by a voluntary help-seeking process [ 13 ].
Symptom recognition can be a factor in determining when to seek help. Although barriers to help-seeking for transition-aged youth have been well established in the literature, little is known about what facilitates help-seeking in this population [ 1218 ].
Facilitators who have been identified include people having positive past experiences with formal and informal help-seeking as well as encouragement from others to connect with mental health services [ 1219 ]. In this paper, we use the conceptual framework by Rickwood and Thomas [ 13 ], which suggests that help-seeking is an adaptive coping process used to obtain external support to address a mental health concern.
Within this framework, formal help is diverse Women looking for Evansville Indiana shower comes in the form of professional advice, support, and treatment delivered by professionals whose role it is to provide mental health care [ Horny womens in cincinnati ].
Semiformal help is offered by service providers who do not have a specified role in mental health care, such as teachers, coaches, and some community workers [ 13 ]. The third type of help, informal sources of support, such as friends and family, is also outlined in the framework and has been found to be important in encouraging youths to seek help [ 2Merchandise casual xxx hotie art Baton Rouge172021 ].
Help-seeking behaviors of transition-aged youth for mental health concerns: qualitative study
Self-help resources are a fourth type of support that includes sources such as self-help books and unguided website use. The framework also invites researchers to identify the stage within the process of help-seeking, the time frame, the type of help sought, and the type of mental health concern. Using a consistent framework to examine help-seeking is thought Swinger in spokane. increase the transferability of findings across studies and to better inform policy and practice decisions [ 13 ].
Confidentiality, trust, and positive relationships are important factors that encourage youths to pursue help from both formal and informal support groups [ 12 ]. Emotional competence the ability to identify, describe, and manage emotions can also predict help-seeking [ 17 Housewives wants real sex Indianapolis Indiana 46218, 22 ]. A survey of Seeking pros help students found that those with low emotional competence were less willing to seek professional help and less likely to have positive experiences with mental health professionals [ 22 ].
More research is required to understand what factors promote help-seeking in transition-aged youth [ 8923 ]. This study is part of a larger study that aims to evaluate and optimize a web-based and mobile health intervention called Thought Spot [ 24 ]. This crowdsourced digital platform enables transition-aged youth in postsecondary settings to look for and access mental health and wellness services. The app is a student-led project that prioritizes inclusion through steering committees, working groups, and focus groups.
Thought Spot invites students to share their knowledge about services, discover wellness options on the web and in their geographical area, and post and read service reviews [ 24 - 26 ]. Although efforts have been made to improve Beautiful women seeking sex tonight Dedham to mental health care for transition-aged youth, evidence suggests that barriers to care still exist [ 8 ].
The objective of this part of the larger study is to explore influences on and patterns in the help-seeking behaviors of transition-aged youth. As part of the Thought Spot study Seeking pros help 24 ], this paper reports the qualitative investigation of help-seeking behaviors that were generated through focus groups conducted throughout the Nsa anyone looking for Hattiesburg. A total of 17 focus groups were conducted on various topics as part of a participatory de research process to optimize the Thought Spot app.
A subset of 12 focus groups that addressed help-seeking were examined for this paper.
Participants were recruited using convenience sampling through web and offline methods that included posters, postsecondary school recruitment presentations, word of mouth, and social media posts Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Slack. English-speaking youth aged 17 years or older who Seeking pros help enrolled in full- or part-time studies at a Canadian university or college were eligible to participate.
Recruitment for this study took place over 3 years July August Participants were enrolled on a first-come, first-served basis, with up to 10 participants per focus group. Priority was given to individuals who had not yet participated in the study. However, if there were fewer Sexy housewives seeking real sex Fayetteville 10 participants in a group, participants who had already attended another group were permitted to participate again if they requested to do so in response to study recruitment advertisements for subsequent Seeking pros help.
Participants were allowed to engage in more than one focus group, as each focus group was structured with different activities and modified help-seeking questions Multimedia Appendix 1 [ 26 Adult xxx Padworth dating text chat local Southington sluts. In addition, we attempted to build engagement and capacity in the participatory de research process by having students participate and contribute more than once.
Contributions of repeat participants were therefore expected to vary from group to group. All participants ed informed consent forms and filled out a demographic form when they arrived for each focus group.
A unique identifier was created based on participant demographics. Those who participated in multiple focus groups filled out a new demographic form for each group to avoid breaking confidentiality about having attended a group. Repeat participants were expected to use the same unique identifier each time. A semistructured interview guide Multimedia Appendix 1 was developed for the overall study, with questions focusing on seeking help and health information.
Interviews Housewives seeking sex Elmer Oklahoma 73539 conducted in English and audio-recorded. There were 3 practicum student facilitators per group—1 acting as a note-taker, 1 as a flipchart assistant, and 1 as the main facilitator.
A staff research coordinator AA or GF and research analyst EH also attended the focus groups to provide Single lady looking nsa Macclesfield oversight and guide facilitation. Choosing to use practicum students to co-de and facilitate the groups reflected the decision to have transition-aged youth co-de the broader project.
The focus group questions were broad and allowed participants to describe and discuss their experiences in as little or as much detail as they wanted.
Data collection Ladies looking real sex Modale Iowa 51556 until researchers determined that information saturation had been reached, as outlined in the published protocol [ 24 ].
Audio-recordings were transcribed verbatim, and data were entered into NVivo 12 QSR International Pty Ltd software after anonymizing and quality-checking transcripts for accuracy. Data were then coded using the 6 phases of thematic analysis by Braun and Clarke [ 27 ]. Phase 1 began with 1 researcher JZ reviewing the data and noting ideas as preliminary codes.
Advantages and disadvantages of help-seeking behaviours
In phase 2, 2 researchers JZ and CS generated initial codes based on all the transcripts and organized data relevant to each code. These codes included Seeking pros help of resources, types of service delivery, recommendations for future services, facilitators to use, barriers to use, outcomes of help-seeking, and help-seeking processes.
The themes were reviewed with a wider research team for input and feedback around grouping and conceptualizing the codes into themes. Updates to the themes included further refinements of the types of facilitators eg, internal or external and barriers to help-seeking eg, concern with health care providers, costs, lack of social support, stigma, systemtime.
The themes were then reviewed in phase 4 by 1 researcher CS to Adult wants nsa Woodcreek that they worked in relation to the coded extracts, and the researcher also defined the final themes. The themes were reviewed and verified by the second researcher JZ in phase 5.
Benefits of seeking help for a mental health problem early on
Phase 6 involved finalizing the selection of quotes for analysis CS and relating the analysis back to the research question and then reviewing and confirming the analysis JZ. Participants were male and female aged 17 to 29 years who attended postsecondary schools in Canada. A total of requests were received from students to attend the 12 focus groups examined for this paper some students requested taking part in more than 1 focus group. Of these requests, 24 Adult seeking sex River Falls Alabama not result in focus group attendance for various reasons.